Cambridge EnerTech’s

Battery Engineering for Automotive Applications
( 工程 )

Building Better Batteries



Battery engineering involves the important aspects of designing electrodes and cells that will take maximum advantage of the active materials, designing packs that will guarantee reliable cell performance, and integrating battery packs into vehicles (or other machines) and meeting vehicle constraints while ensuring safety, reliability, and durability. Cell design, including the choice of non-active components, has a considerable impact on battery performance and reliability. Battery pack design and integration presents thermal, mechanical, and electrical engineering challenges, almost independent of cell chemistry. Optimizing cell and pack design according to the duty cycle of the application requires a careful balance between cell and pack energy, power, manufacturability, abuse tolerance, thermal characteristics, and cost.

Final Agenda


12:30 pm Symposia Registration


1:30 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Eric Darcy, PhD, Battery Technical Discipline Lead, Propulsion and Power Division, NASA-Johnson Space Center

1:35 High-Energy Long-Life Li-Ion (L3B) via Pre- and Continuous-Lithiation

Kandler Smith, PhD, Vehicle Energy Storage Engineer, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Life extension device is composed of metallic lithium reservoir and passive control internal to cell. Device has been shown to at least double the lifetime of both traditional graphite and next-generation Si cells. Device occupies less than 5% of the volume, weight, and cost of high-energy-density cells.

1:55 Lesson Learned from PPR Testing of 160 Wh/kg High-Power/Voltage Battery

Eric Darcy, PhD, Battery Technical Discipline Lead, Propulsion and Power Division, NASA-Johnson Space Center

New combination of thin steel rings around the spin groove of 18650 cells and ceramic putty interstitial material shows great promise at mitigating the hazard of sidewall breaches during thermal runaway, while yielding 1 kWh battery deck assembly that exceeds 160 Wh/kg and is capable of 3C continuous discharge.

2:15 Battery Safety Enhancement: The Cell Cooling Efficient

Yatish Patel, PhD, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London

Lithium-ion cells can unintentionally be exposed to temperatures outside manufacturers’ recommended limits without triggering a full thermal runaway event. The question addressed in this paper is: Are these cells still safe to use? In this study, externally applied compression has been employed to prevent lithium-ion battery failure during such events.

2:35 Sensorless Temperature Measurement Exploiting Online Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Alexander Gitis, PhD, Postdoc, Aachen University; CEO, Safion GmbH

A novel methodology, which is based on online electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (oEIS), is introduced. The experimental validation with commercial automotive lithium-ion cell shows that a high measurement of accuracy in the range of conventional temperature sensors was achieved even during demanding operation conditions.

2:55 Robust SMD Fuses in Higher Safe Power Density for Automotive Application

Shilong Wang, Strategic Sales Manager, Sales, AEM Components (USA), Inc.

Circuit protection is becoming more vital with Electric Vehicles. When faced with extreme high voltage & high current short circuit conditions, traditional fuses have shown an inadequate level of protection. This presentation highlights some potential concerns and issues with these typical options and the importance of proper fuse selections.

3:15 Refreshment Break

3:35 Sustainability of Battery Manufacturing, Use, and Recycling

Michael Wang, PhD, Senior Scientist, Director, Systems Assessment Center, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory

This talk will cover evaluations of energy and environmental impacts of vehicle technologies, transportation fuels, and energy systems, assessment of the market potentials of new vehicle and fuel technologies, and examination of transportation development in emerging economies, such as China.

3:55 Fabrication of Current Collector and Binder-Free Electrodes on Separators Used in Lithium-Ion Batteries

Daniel Bélanger, Département de Chimie, Université du Québec à Montréal

A composite electrode can be prepared by depositing electrode material components directly onto a separator commonly used in lithium-ion battery technology. This fabrication method avoids the use of a heavy and inactive metallic current collector. The electrochemical performance of LiFePO4/C and Li4Ti5O12 half-cells and LiFePO4/Li4Ti5O12 full cell fabricated by the above process were evaluated and compared with those fabricated by the conventional method. This work has been done in collaboration with Hydro-Québec.

4:15 Considering the Opportunities and Challenges for Battery Thermal Management, Fast Charging, and High Voltage Configurations

Brian Robert, Research Engineer, Ford Motor Company

With aggressive battery charging for vehicles comes concerns of reduced life and temperature stability. Enabling technologies, such as advanced thermal management and high voltage architectures, aid the charging gap and customer range anxiety. However, as automotive OEMs target increasing electrified vehicle range (≥300 miles) and decreasing charge time (≤15 min), trade-offs in system design create opportunities and challenges.

4:35 Structure-Property-Performance Relationships of Advanced Lithium-Ion Electrode Active Materials and Architectures

David Wood, PhD, Senior Staff Scientist, Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing Team Lead, Fuel Cell Technologies Program Manager, UT Bredesen Center Faculty Member, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

This presentation will focus on methodologies such as particle-size and pore-size grading of multilayer thick electrodes, laser ablation structuring and patterning of electrodes, and co-extrusion of interdigitated structures with high and low porosity. Challenges associated with thick, low-Co (high-Ni) cathode processing in water will be discussed. Perspectives on full-scale manufacturing methods for these structures and how they may be integrated with next-generation lithium-ion technologies and active materials will be given.

4:55 Q&A

5:20 Grand Opening Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

6:20 Close of Day


8:30 am Morning Coffee


9:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Marcelo Araujo Xavier, PhD, Research Engineer, Research & Advanced Engineering - Advanced Control Methods, Ford Motor Company

9:05 A Predictive Modeling and Control Approach to Improving Lithium-Ion Battery Performance in Cells Exhibiting Large Voltage Hysteresis

Scott Trimboli, PhD, Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

Electric vehicle battery management is a topic of growing concern for today’s high-performance lithium-ion battery systems and is especially important – and challenging -- for certain high-performance cells that exhibit significant hysteretic behavior in the external voltage measurement. Previous work has shown the viability of using predictive control to manage cell-level behavior right to the limits of performance. This work describes an equivalent-circuit method that modifies the predictive approach with a view toward achieving similar performance gains for cells with hysteresis.

9:25 Simple Low-Rate Pseudo-Steady-State Model of Lithium-Ion Battery Dynamics

Gregory Plett, PhD, Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

Future BMS algorithms will use physics-based reduced-order models (ROMs) of Li-ion cells instead of the presently used equivalent-circuit models because these ROMs can predict the internal cell electrochemical variables that are precursors to degradation, and so enable controlling battery systems to effect a direct tradeoff between performance and service life. However, it is a challenging research task to develop methods to find all the parameter values needed to build a physics-based model: clever lab-testing and data processing are needed.

9:45 A Model-Based Approach for Correcting State-Of-Charge (SOC) Drift in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Marcelo Araujo Xavier, PhD, Research Engineer, Research & Advanced Engineering - Advanced Control Methods, Ford Motor Company

SOC is among the most important measures made by an HEV BMS since accurate SOC estimation can improve efficiency of power distribution, extend life, and ensure balanced pack operation. Existing methods that rely solely on current integration are prone to sensor bias, causing the resulting estimate to “drift”. This work describes a model-based method using an equivalent-circuit augmented with a bias state that can correct SOC drift while driving and reduces SOC reset based on open-circuit voltage (OCV) at key-on.

10:05 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

* 活動內容有可能不事先告知作更動及調整。

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